Case Study
Forklift driver with spinal disease at a pulp company


The company produces pulp from wood for the paper industry.

Disability and functional impairment of the men:

The man has a back and cardiovascular disease. He is generally no longer able to lift and carry heavily and frequently or to work in certain postures (stooped or bent). In addition, it should not be used specifically for driving activities which, when sitting, lead to increased stress on the spine due to frequent strong impacts and vibrations. The GdB (degree of disability) is 60.


The employee works as a forklift driver for the company.

Workplace and duties:

The employee is used for internal transport with a forklift. In the company, around 3,000 tons of pulp are transported per month over a distance of around one kilometer with forklifts. A large part of the route was covered by the forklift driver in reverse, due to the large amounts of transport and the type of transport route. When reversing, the driver twisted his upper body and put a lot of strain on his spine. The unevenness of the roadway, which was not cushioned by the vehicle and the seat, put additional strain on the spine. The employee could no longer be expected to do this in the long term due to the disability. For this reason, a new forklift truck was purchased for the employee, which has a rotatable driver's cab so that the employee can always sit in the direction of travel - without twisting the spine. In addition, a sprung driver's seat in the cab cushions the vibrations and shocks to the spine caused by the uneven road surface.

Assistive devices used:

Motor vehicle seats and cushions as well as accessories and adjustments (driver seats) Power-operated industrial vehicles for lifting and transporting material (forklifts)

Funding and participation:

The disability-friendly design was promoted by the integration and inclusion office. The advice was provided by the technical advice service of the integration or inclusion office.

Keywords and Further Information

No information about funding available.

ICF Items

Reference Number:


Last Update: 28 Apr 2021