Case Study
Employment protection allowance and work organisation for two sales drivers with back problems


The company employs 1,850 people and supplies frozen food to private households, restaurants, restaurants and canteens.

1. employee

Disability and functional restrictions:

The man has a spinal disorder (spinal disc damage) and restrictions on carrying, bending or lifting. The GdB (degree of disability) is 30.

Education and profession:

The employee is a trained bookbinder and merchant. He has been employed by the employer as a sales driver for several years.

2. employee

Disability and functional restrictions:

The second man has osteoarthritis of the knee and is also ill with the spine. It should only be used to a limited extent for activities that require frequent walking, climbing stairs, carrying and / or bending over. The degree of disability is 100 (GdB 100).

Training and job:

The employee is a trained chef and later retrained as an industrial clerk. He has also been working for the employer as a sales driver for several years.

Workplace and work organization:

In general, field workers have a freezer for which they are responsible. The entire frozen food range is carried in the vehicle. For the quantity loading and loading of the vehicle as well as the monitoring of the best-before dates of the goods carried, only the employees and. a. the two drivers in charge. On average, around 60 deliveries are brought to customers every day. When picking the frozen goods in the warehouse, loading and unloading the vehicles and assembling the goods ordered by the customer, medium-heavy lifting and carrying work is always required, sometimes under the influence of cold. The average weight of the delivery is between 10 and 15 kg. However, weights of 30 kg can also be achieved. The frozen goods stored on the shelves in the vehicle require frequent arm movements up to shoulder height as well as long journeys into the vehicles and bending movements. All of these activities, as well as getting in and out of the vehicle at least sixty times, put a considerable strain on the two employees, so that they are no longer able to carry out the specified number of visits and achieve the minimum sales. The two employees were therefore assigned rural districts with a few multi-storey houses, and the number of daily visits by customers was reduced to an average of 40 to 42. Since technical or other organizational measures cannot be used to compensate for the remaining reduced output, this had to be done in monetary terms.

Keywords and Further Information

Funding and participation:

The integration and inclusion office pays the employer a monthly employment security grant for the two employees. The subsidy is granted to compensate for the extraordinary burden, since the work performance of the employees is reduced by at least 30 percent each. After two years, however, the grant must be applied for again. The advice was provided by the technical advice service of the integration or inclusion office.

ICF Items

Reference Number:


Last Update: 14 Apr 2020