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A stoma is an artificial intestinal outlet on the abdominal wall that has to be surgically created due to illnesses. A distinction is made between colostomy (diversion of the large intestine), ileostomy (diversion of the small intestine) and urostomy (diversion of the urine).
Since the stoma has no sphincter, stool or urine flow out uncontrollably. The excretion can be collected via a bag or initially retained with a cap. The term stoma care covers the fitting of base plates, stoma bags, stoma caps and also cleaning. How often the stoma care should be changed depends on the amount and consistency of the excretion.