Training of alternative and supported communication

Other forms of communication such as lip-reading, sign language, Braille, cued language or communication with pictures replace verbal language. Braille clipboards for Braille training, photo cards for communicating with pictures or posters with the finger alphabet are exemplary training aids.

Supported communication is intended for people with motor or cognitive speech disorders who are unable to communicate with others using spoken language, or only to a very limited extent.

  • Finger language (also known as finger alphabet) is used by people who are deaf or hard of hearing to spell a word using their fingers.
  • Sign language is a non-verbal form of communication for deaf people that accompanies natural language or replaces it with facial expressions, gestures and body language such as sign language.
  • When lip-reading, people with deafness and hearing loss can visually recognize and understand what other people say through their lip movements.
  • The cued language supports the spoken language by hand signals.
  • The Braille code is a writing system with letters made of palpable dots, which is used by blind people.
  • When communicating with symbols, simplified images represent information such as pictograms. Pictures and drawings can also be used to illustrate whole words or sentences.
  • The Bliss language communicates using a special collection of pictograms that represent specific terms. Bliss communication is a method of assisted communication (UK).
  • Morse code is used for Morse communication. Morse code is a coded alphabet in which each letter corresponds to a specific sequence of sounds or signals.

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