Case Study
Arbeitsgestaltung nach Betrieblichen Eingliederungsmanagement für einen Straßenreiniger

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Hilfsmittel Abfallsauger


The city cleaning is a private enterprise of the city Leipzig with approx. 800 employees and several locations within the city area. The main tasks are as a service provider for the city in terms of waste disposal, street cleaning and care of urban green spaces and cover two-thirds of the road network and about a thousand kilometers of public pedestrian and bicycle paths and pedestrian areas, which must be cleaned regularly by the employees.

Disability and functional restriction of the employee:

The man has respiratory disease or chronic bronchitis with pulmonary function restriction. Physical stress caused by walking on steep slopes, frequent climbing of stairs and manual handling of loads (lifting, carrying and pushing) should be avoided. This is especially true if: - the mentioned aspects occur in combination with humid climates and - working under certain environmental conditions (dust) and wearing protective masks, as this leads to shortness of breath. Due to his sick leave, the prerequisites for occupational integration management were in place. The degree of disability (GdB) is 30. Equal treatment with people with severe disabilities has been applied for and approved by the Employment Agency.

Education and job:

The man is a trained brewer and works for several years as a street cleaner at the city cleaning. His weekly working hours are 40 hours.

Occupational Integration Management:

The employee was offered the company integration management and he agreed to this. Within the framework of occupational integration management, working conditions were analyzed with external help by the Technical Advisory Service of the Integration or Factory Inspection with Work Site Survey, using a profile comparison procedure (comparison of work skills with work requirements) and man portraits, and measures for workplace and Work organization derived from it.

Workplace and work organization:

The duties of the employee and the street cleaner include u. a. the: - Manual sweeping of walking and cycling paths, squares and - Garbage collection and foliage. The column leader drives to the street cleaner to the place of work or beginning of their tours, which are changed regularly. On the tour is swept piece by piece and filled the rubbish in a manually carried road cleaning car with broom and shovel pickup. The maximum distance to be cleaned and covered is 15 km - depending on the degree of soiling and the location of the contamination. Greens on the way will be extra filled in sacks or turned into heaps, which will later be collected by the column leader with a vehicle. For the employee, the tours turn out to be physically stressful due to disability. As soon as he has to push the empty and fully loaded even heavier road cleaning car uphill, the employee gets to his performance limit, as well as when sweeping longer and frequently occurring stairs. Within the framework of occupational integration management and the analysis of working conditions, the physical strain had to be adjusted through the use of aids and changes in the organization of work due to disabilities. For this purpose, an initially carried along electric motor driven or operated waste suction with integrated and replaceable collection container (standard waste bin with 240 liters capacity) was tested by the employee two days in use. During this time it became apparent that the employee was coping well with the waste vacuum cleaner. In addition, eliminating the pulling of the waste sucker by the electric drive and also the weight of the suction tube is for the most part carried by a roller. Only a small proportion by weight of the suction tube is transferred by means of a comfortable adjustable strap on the body, which also serves to guide the suction tube. Due to the container volume, the waste vacuum cleaner is only used for "collecting waste". In the process, no dust is released by the filter - not even later by the cleaning technology for the filter. The foliage that has not been sucked up will only be collected and later picked up by the column leader. The electric waste vacuum cleaner is provided in the warehouse of a location near a tour. This tour is now assigned to the employee. In the morning the employee is driven there by the column leader and picked up in the evening. The employee walks down the path to and from the tour on foot with the electrically driven waste vacuum cleaner. The waste vacuum will be recharged in the warehouse after the tour again for the next day. Charged, the battery will last longer than one working day without any problems.

Assistive devices used:

municipal vehicles

Keywords and Further Information

Funding and participation:

The disability-friendly design was financially supported by the Integration and Inclusion Office. The advice was provided by the engineering specialist service of the Integration Office - the so-called Technical Advisory Service.

ICF Items

Reference Number:


Last Update: 24 Jul 2019