Case Study
Auszubildender bei einem Bauunternehmen


The employer is a construction company with 14 employees in the field of building construction. He hired a young person with a hearing impairment as an apprentice. He received a training award for his commitment. On the grounds that the small business in a structurally weak region with a good training concept u. a. Do not be shy to educate a young person with severe hearing impairments and successfully graduate.

Comment by the employer:

When he received the application of the young person with hearing impairment, he was hesitant because of the disability. Because he thought that actually can not work on a construction site. But after consultation with the doctor, the competent authorities, the integrated integration specialist service (IFD) and after an internship in the company, he was convinced - it works. In this way, he was able to fulfill the great desire of the young person to acquire a crafting trade and to win over a motivated, skilful, reliable, willing, willing and punctual teammate who was well received by the team. This is also important for the company, as there are hardly any young people in the region to apply for a craft apprenticeship.

Disability and functional impairment of the trainee:

The adolescent has a severe degree of hearing impairment that has an effect on language communication, as he sometimes pronounces words a little unclearly and can only perceive acoustic information or language with the help of his hearing aids. In connection with lip-reading in conversations with people, he can understand them. The person must speak clearly and their lips should be clearly visible from the front. The degree of disability is 100.

Transition school - job:

The trainee attended a special school. Already at school the IFD supported him and later on finding a training place. The employer was initially skeptical when receiving the application. However, discussions with the IFD, the attending physician and especially his achievements and personality during a one-week internship convinced him to train the adolescent as a bricklayer. During the conversation with the IFD and doctor it was explained in particular, what has to be considered in the communication and to what extent the hearing aids help to perceive acoustic information.

Workplace and work organization:

The young person's workplace is located on construction sites, where he learns how to build shell buildings for residential and commercial buildings under the guidance of a master craftsman. For this purpose, the foundation is first concreted and then exterior and interior walls are bricked or concreted and poured intermediate ceilings and stairs made of concrete. The formwork required for this purpose are to a large extent self-produced. But also formwork systems are mounted or used. The reinforcements required for the concrete work are partially made of rebar itself. Also, walls are plastered and screed laid. In addition, demolition and reconstruction work will be carried out. The colleagues are informed about the handicap of the young man and always make sure to approach him from the beginning and to make himself understood through slow and clear language. In conjunction with the hearing aids that have programs that have been specially tuned to specific listening situations (eg with attenuation of background noise), the communication in the near range works. If he is not around, the smartphone uses text messaging to communicate. The vocational school specially visited for people with hearing loss is not located nearby. The visit of the vocational school is therefore in the form of block lessons. During this time, the teenager is housed in the boarding school of the vocational school.

Assistive devices used:

Behind-the-ear hearing aids

Keywords and Further Information

Funding and participation:

The integration specialist service supported the young man and the employer in their professional participation. The integration specialist service was funded by the Integration and Inclusion Office. The hearing aids were promoted by the health insurance, which also included the adaptation of the hearing aids by a hearing care professional. The cost of accommodation during block lessons in the boarding school of the vocational school will be covered by the Employment Agency. The Employment Agency also pays the employer a subsidy for the training allowance.

ICF Items

Reference Number:


Last Update: 1 Aug 2019