Case Study
Beruf für einen Auszubildenden zum Elektroniker


The employer is the Federal Network Agency, which helps to ensure free competition in the telecommunications market.

Disability and functional impairment of the trainee:

The adolescent is hard of hearing and can perceive acoustic information, such as spoken language and signals, with reinforcing aids or hearing aids. Despite the hearing aids, there are limitations in the perception of acoustic information - especially speech - from a distance.

Transition school - job:

The teenager attended a special school with a focus on listening and communication. With the help of the specialist integration service for people with hearing loss, he received an apprenticeship as an electronics technician for devices and systems from the employer. As part of dual vocational training, the young person must also attend vocational school at a vocational college. The change to a regular vocational college was initially a challenge, as the teaching staff, unlike in the special needs school, was not geared to pupils with hearing impairment and the large number of 34 pupils in the class made it difficult to provide special care. Initially, therefore, a vocational school for people with a hearing loss for the theoretical part of the training came into consideration as an alternative. This possibility was again rejected, however, because the employer cooperates closely with the vocational college and one did not want to separate the adolescent with the block instruction from its training group. The contents of the lesson are also closely aligned with the practical training, so it would have been a disadvantage for the trainee to send him to another vocational school during the block lesson phase. Therefore, a frequency modulation system (FM system) or a so-called FM system is used for communication between the student and the respective teacher. The FM system provides a radio link between the instructor's radio microphone (sender), which can be attached to the clothing or looped around the neck, and the hearing aids. The transmitter uses the FM system to transmit the speech directly into the hearing aids of the trainee. Disturbing background noise and reverberation are filtered out. Teachers have to be careful when using the FM system to clearly state where they are in the classroom and who they are talking to is irrelevant. The FM system is easy to transport and can be used anywhere. It can therefore also be used for instructions from the instructor in the rooms of the training workshop. In the interim and final examinations, the disadvantage of hearing impairment can be compensated for by an examination adjustment or a time supplement for answering the examination questions.

Workplace and work duties:

The training takes place in a training workshop and in the field offices of the Federal Network Agency. In the training workshop, among other things, electrotechnical contents, circuit systems and troubleshooting are learned. Temporary employment at the branches of the Federal Network Agency takes place regularly in order to learn practice-oriented work there and to apply the specialist knowledge and skills from the training workshop.

Assistive devices used:

Behind-the-ear hearing aids Transmitter systems for radio frequency

Keywords and Further Information

Funding and participation:

The work organization or the FM system was funded by the employment agency. The Integrationsfachdienst for people with hearing loss supported the inclusion, advised on possible tools for disability-friendly work design and helps with difficulties in the workplace and at the vocational school. The hearing aids were funded by the statutory health insurance. Where the consultation and adjustment of the hearing aid by a hearing care professional took place.

ICF Items

Reference Number:


Last Update: 28 Nov 2019