Icon Literatur
Icon Journal Article

Document Type: Journal article
Integrated control and related technology of assistive devices

Bibliographic Information


Ding, D.; Cooper, R. A.; Kaminski, B. A. [i. a.]




Assistive Technology, 2003, Volume 15 (Number 2), page 89-97, Arlington, Virginia: Taylor & Francis, ISSN: 1040-0435 (Print); 1949-3614 (Online)



Der Text ist von:
Ding, D.; Cooper, R. A.; Kaminski, B. A. [u. a.]

The text is available in the journal:
Assistive Technology, Volume 15 (Number 2), page 89-97

Den Text gibt es seit:

Information about the content


Assistive devices are now available that allow persons with severe physical disabilities to complete tasks independently. When the user has severe physical limitations, it may be advantageous to have an integrated control system where a single control interface (e.g., joystick, head switches, voice recognition system, keypad) is used to operate two or more assistive devices (e.g., power wheelchairs, augmentative communication devices, computers, environmental control units, and other devices that are controlled electronically). The advantages of integrated control are that persons with limited motor control can access several devices with one access site without assistance, and the user does not need to learn a different operating mechanism for each device. The purpose of this review is to convey the depth and breadth of the research that has been conducted on integrated control systems, as well as to provide some insights into future directions. We reviewed research works pertaining to communication and environmental control, computer access, and wheelchair guidance systems. Information gathered in this study will help people become fully aware of the status of contemporary integrated control technology in order to increase the quality of life of people who use electronic assistive devices.

Where can you get the text?

Assistive Technology

Further information about this publication

Assistive Technology

Please address yourself to libraries, the editors, the publishers or bookstores and newsagents to obtain literature.


Related ICF Items:

Reference Number:


Last Update: 14 Jul 2004