Use with screen readers

In addition to a uniform and semantic page structure, the page indexing with the help of screen readers is facilitated by meaningful alternative texts for all images and the marking of abbreviations and acronyms.
The website can be easily operated using the keyboard and the use of jump links also benefits users of screen readers. Additional information will be provided by means of Accessible Rich Internet Applications.

Page title

Every website has its own page title, which reflects the content of the website. Users of screen readers can thus quickly see what to expect on the website and already have a first good point of orientation.

Headlines

The website headings are clearly and logically structured and cover all contents of the website. Page areas and areas at the top and bottom of the website are also provided with headings (structural navigation). Users of screen readers can thus jump from heading to heading or display a list of all headings. The page areas of the website can be reached quickly with the help of the additional headings and give the user a good overview of how the website is structured and what information can be expected.
The navigation area is introduced by the heading of level 1 (H1), the content of the current page as well. All other areas start with the level 2 or 3 heading.

You can access the individual page sections with the screen reader button for the headings H2 and H3 and the top of the page with the button for the heading H1. To start the content or navigation of the page, use the button for the heading H2.

Landmarks

Furthermore, the page areas are introduced by WAI-ARIA landmarks, which inform you in which area of the website you are currently located. This makes orientation even easier for the blind and visually impaired, and the page layout is clearer.

Note to JAWS screen reader users: In JAWS version 9 and
later, you can use the keyboard shortcut "Insert" Ins + "Control" Ctrl + ö to display a list of all landmarks. You can also use the ö key to navigate through the landmarks on the Web page. In the screen reader NVDA this would be the d key.
The forms on the website are enriched with WAI-ARIA to provide important information for screen readers in forms mode.

Jump links

Jump links to directly reach selected areas of the current page:

  1. Jump links to directly reach selected areas of the current page
  2. List of keyboard shortcuts
  3. Service navigation, including user help (information for personal page customisation, font sizes, etc.) and links to notes, content and help texts
  4. Quick search with a form to search the entire website
  5. Content area with the actual contents of the respective page
  6. Supplementary information with the possibility of direct access / quick access to certain areas of the portal
  7. copyright notice, project promoter and project sponsor logos
  8. Page footer with renewed list of linked keyboard shortcuts for better orientation for blind users at the bottom of the page.

Links

Links that open in a new window are marked with a corresponding note in the TITLE attribute. Users of screen readers must first activate these additional functions to receive the message.

Forms

The forms provided on these pages are provided with extensive aids, which enable them to be used in the most varied ways. Special attention was paid to aspects of accessibility.

Form properties in detail:

  • The input fields are labeled and can also be accessed with the tabulator key.
  • Mandatory fields are highlighted and additionally marked with awards according to the WAI-ARIA concept.